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Costa Rica stands in a privileged place in the heart of Central America, with 51 thousand square kilometers and beaches washed by two oceans, Atlantic and Pacific, separated just three hours by car, just 200 miles.
The Caribbean side is known for its variety of aquatic ecosystems and its black and white sandy beaches, ideal for the practice of activities focused on nature and the sea such as fishing and diving in clear waters, and also enjoy the sun and going for a walk along the shore.
The Pacific coast concentrates big tourist centers and its beaches are preferred for surfing, for example Esterillos, Jaco, Hermosa, Boca Barranca and near the Marino Ballena National Park and Golfito sector, where is formed the famous "long left wave".
Costa Rica is land of volcanoes, rain and lost-in-clouds forests, huge waterfalls and wild rivers. Its thermal waters are known all around the world. This gorgeous nature makes it difficult to decide between the wide range of activities you can enjoy, including rafting, windsurf, canopy, snorkel, kayak, fishing and surf.
Costa Rica is an exuberant country where nature is present in its entire splendor thanks to the awesome biodiversity of the territory.
The territory is divided into 20 parks, eight biological reserves and a series of protected areas that captivate ecotourism lovers. The range of trips and tours is enormous, from horseback riding to mountain hiking trails and guided tours for bird watching.
Tortuguero National Park is famous for turtle nesting and natural water ponds that shelters endangered species such as the manatee, the otter and the crocodile.
Costa Rica is a modern, constitutional democracy with a significant economy and all the amenities of a first world nation. Historically, Costa Rica has seen a greater amount of peace and political stability than many other nations in Central America.
As a country, Costa Rica is a nation divided into 81 counties, or in Spanish, Cantons. These counties are spread across 7 larger provinces which make up the country as a whole, these provinces are:
The capital city of Costa Rica is San Jose.
From the perspective of the rest of the world, Costa Rica has consistently been rated among the top nations on many basis of measurement, especially as concerns the HDI, or Human Development Index. The "The New Economics Foundation" rated Costa Rica first in its Happy Planet Index, twice, and has also rated Costa Rica as the "Greenest" country in the whole world.
An interesting fact about Costa Rica is that it has no military. The Costa Rican military was constitutionally abolished in 1948 at the conclusion of the country's civil war. The lack of military greatly contributes to Costa Rica's image of peace and mediation.
It would be good to note, however, that while Costa Rica has no standing military, it still maintains a well-armed police force for peacekeeping purposes.
Costa Rica has a large number of green projects currently implemented lending greatly to its image as the "greenest" country in the world. Some of these green projects include:
Costa Rica is an incredibly ecologically diverse nation with a sincere focus on global sustainability. It offers all the amenities of any first world nation and maintains a fast-growing economy. Remaining one of the top tourism destinations, and widely regarded as the eco-rainforest capital of the world, Costa Rica is an incredible place to both live and vacation!